Types of Trout

There are few different species of trout that aquaponic farmers choose to use in their homescale aquaponic systems. Find out about some of the most commonly used species below:

Bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus)

Bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus)

Bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus) are members of the family Salmonidae and are char native Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Nevada, Montana and western Canada. Compared to other salmonids, bull trout have more specific habitat requirements that appear to influence their distribution and abundance. They need cold water to survive, so they are seldom found in waters where temperatures exceed 59 to 64 degrees (F). They also require stable stream channels, clean spawning and rearing gravel, complex and diverse cover, and unblocked migratory […]

the golden trout

Golden Trout

The golden trout , is a sub-species of the rainbow trout. The fish is also known as the California golden trout and is native to Golden Trout Creek, Volcano Creek and the South Fork Kern River. Another variant, O. m. whitei, was historically found only in the Little Kern River but is now found in other nearby creeks, as well. The golden trout is commonly found at elevations of 10,000 ft (3,000 m) above sea level, and is native to […]


Lake Trout (Salvelinus namaycush)

Lake Trout (Salvelinus namaycush) Lake trout, along with brook trout, belong to the “char” sub-group of salmonine fishes that is distinct from the “true” trout and salmon. Lake trout inhabit deep, cold lakes, and are strongly influenced by annual temperature events within a lake. During winter, when most lake waters are a uniform 0 – 2° C, lake trout can range throughout a lake and prey upon small fish and bottom insects. In late April or early May, lake trout […]

Brook Trout (Salvelinus fontinalis)

Brook Trout (Salvelinus fontinalis)

Brook Trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) Brook trout, along with lake trout, belong to the “char” sub-group of salmonine fishes that is distinct from the “true” trout and salmon. Originally found only in eastern North America, brook trout were historically so common in New York lakes and ponds that early surveys noted waters in which brook trout were absent, and did not bother noting their presence. Brook trout, also called “speckled trout,” are officially designated the state fish of New York. In […]

trout in aquaponics

Rainbow Trout or Steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

Rainbow trout are native to western North America from the Aleutian Islands to northern Mexico, but have been widely introduced to waters throughout North America and the rest of the world. They were first introduced to New York waters in the 1870s from fish originating in California, then reared in a Caledonia, NY hatchery. The general life cycle of this species requires a stream for spawning and a larger body of water for maturation. Rainbow trout are found in a […]

Tiger Trout

Tiger Trout (Salmo trutta X Salvelinus fontinalis)

The tiger trout (Salmo trutta X Salvelinus fontinalis) is a sterile, intergeneric hybrid of the brown trout (Salmo trutta) and the brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis). The name derives from the pronounced vermiculations, evoking the stripes of a tiger. It is a rare phenomenon in the wild, with the brook trout having 84 chromosomes and the brown trout 80. Records show instances as far back as 1944. Because it’s sterile, the tiger trout is unable to reproduce and does not pose […]